An Adaptive Protection Scheme for Distribution Networks with Distributed Generation Sources in Various Operational Modes

  • Reza Rahmani Department of Electrical Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran.
  • Seyed Hossein Hesamedin Sadeghi Department of Electrical Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran.
  • Seyed Amir Hosseini Department of Electrical Engineering, Golpayegan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran.
Keywords: Distributed Generation (DG)., Protection Coordination, Distribution Network

Abstract

Distributed Generation (DG) is a common technology in today’s distribution networks due to its exclusive benefits. However, DG units introduce a series of new issues to distribution network beside their benefits. Adding a DG unit to the network can change the direction and magnitude of the power flow and fault currents through branches. It may cause the failure of the original protection system or false tripping of some existing relays. In this paper, a new adaptive approach is introduced for classification of different DG topologies in distribution network using the existing setting groups in over current relays. This method determines those settings such that maximum number of the possible scenarios for different operations in distribution system are covered including grid-connected mode, autonomous mode, and DGs capacity changes. In order to verify the performance of the new method, two simulation studies are performed on 14-node and IEEE 33-node distribution network test systems. DIgSILENT software has been employed to simulate the network in various operational modes.

References

[1] M. H. Bollen and F. Hassan, Integration of distributed generation in the power system, vol. 80. John Wiley & sons, 2011.
[2] S. M. Brahma and A. A. Girgis, “Development of Adaptive Protection Scheme for Distribution Systems With High Penetration of Distributed Generation,” IEEE Trans on Power Del., vol. 19 no. 1, pp. 56-63, Jan. 2004.
[3] N. Hadjsaid, J. F. Canard, and F. Dumas, “Dispersed generation impact on distribution networks,” IEEE Computer Applications in power, 12, no. 2, pp. 22-28, 1999.
[4] C. W. So, and K. K. Li, “Protection relay coordination on ring-fed distribution network with distributed generations,” in Proc. the IEEE region 10 conference on computers, communications, control and power engineering, Vol. 3, pp. 1885–1888, 2002.
[5] D. Jones, and J. J. Kumm, “Future distribution feeder protection using directional overcurrent elements,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 50, no.2, pp.1385-1390, 2014.
[6] J. K. Tailor, and A. H. Osman, “Restoration of fuse-recloser coordination in distribution system with high DG penetration,” ", In Power and Energy Society General Meeting-Conversion and Delivery of Electrical Energy in the 21st Century, 2008 IEEE, pp. 1-8., Jul. 2008.
[7] H. Zhan, C. Wang, Y. Wang, X. Yang, X. Zhang, C. Wu, and Y. Chen, “Relay protection coordination integrated optimal placement and sizing of distributed generation sources in distribution networks,” IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 55–65, 2016.
[8] R. Rahmani, S. S. Aghaee, S. H. Hosseinian, S. H. H. Sadeghi, “Determining Maximum Penetration Level of Distributed Generation Sources in Distribution Network Considering Harmonic Limits and Maintain Protection Coordination Scheme,” in 22nd Electrical Power Distribution Conference, Semnan, Iran, Apr. 2017.
[9] J. R. S. S. Kumara, A. Atputharajah, J. B. Ekanayake, and F. J. Mumford, “Over current protection coordination of distribution networks with fault current limiters,” In Power Engineering Society General Meeting, pp. 8-pp., 2006.
[10] A. A. Memon, and K. Kauhaniemi, “A critical review of AC Microgrid protection issues and available solutions,” Electric Power Systems Research, 129, pp. 23-31, Dec. 2015.
[11] W. K. Najy, H. H. Zeineldin, and W. L. Woon, “Optimal protection coordination for microgrids with grid-connected and islanded capability,” IEEE Transactions on industrial electronics, 60(4), pp.1668-1677, Apr. 2013.
[12] A. Agheli, H. A. Abyaneh, R. M. Chabanloo, and H. H. Dezaki, “Reducing the impact of DG in distribution networks protection using fault current limiters,” In 4th International Power Engineering and Optimization Conference (PEOCO), pp. 298-303, Jun. 2010.
[13] W. El-Khattam, and T. S. Sidhu, “Restoration of directional overcurrent relay coordination in distributed generation systems utilizing fault current limiter,” IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, 23(2), pp. 576-585, Apr. 2008.
[14] Z. Kai-Hui, and X. Ming-Chao, “Impacts of microgrid on protection of distribution networks and protection strategy of microgrid,” In International Conference on Advanced Power System Automation and Protection (APAP), pp. 356-359, Oct. 2011.
[15] A. Y. Abdelaziz, H. E. A. Talaat, A. I. Nosseir, and A. A. Hajjar, “An adaptive protection scheme for optimal coordination of overcurrent relays,” Electric Power Systems Research, 61(1), pp.1-9, Feb. 2002.
[16] T. S. Ustun, C. Ozansoy, and A. Zayegh, “Modeling of a centralized microgrid protection system and distributed energy resources according to IEC 61850-7-420,” IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, 27(3), pp.1560-1567. Aug. 2012.
[17] Y. Damchi, H. R. Mashhadi, J. Sadeh, and M. Bashir, “Optimal coordination of directional overcurrent relays in a microgrid system using a hybrid particle swarm optimization,” In International Conference on Advanced Power System Automation and Protection (APAP), Vol. 2, pp. 1135-1138, IEEE. Oct. 2011.
[18] P. Mahat, Z. Chen, B. Bak-Jensen, and C. L. Bak, “A simple adaptive overcurrent protection of distribution systems with distributed generation,” IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, 2(3), pp.428-437, Sep. 2011.
[19] P. Mahat, Z. Chen, and B. Bak-Jensen, “A hybrid islanding detection technique using average rate of voltage change and real power shift,” IEEE Transactions on Power delivery, 24(2), pp.764-771, Apr. 2009.
[20] M. Khederzadeh, “Adaptive setting of protective relays in microgrids in grid-connected and autonomous operation,” In 11th international conference on developments in power systems protection, pp. 1-4. 2012.
[21] M. Dewadasa, A. Ghosh, and G. Ledwich, “Protection of distributed generation connected networks with coordination of overcurrent relays,” In IECON 2011-37th Annual Conference on IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, pp. 924-929, Nov. 2011.
[22] M. R. Islam, and H. A. Gabbar, “Study of microgrid safety & protection strategies with control system infrastructures,” Smart Grid and Renewable Energy, 3(01), pp. 1-9, Feb. 2012.
[23] W. El-Khattam, and T. S. Sidhu, “Resolving the impact of distributed renewable generation on directional overcurrent relay coordination: a case study,” IET Renewable power generation, 3(4), pp.415-425. Dec. 2009.
[24] S. A. Hosseini, H. A. Abyaneh, S. H. H. Sadeghi, and F. Razavi, “Merging the retrieval of the protection coordination of distribution networks equipped with DGs in the process of their siting and sizing,” Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, 8(3), p.035502. May. 2016.
[25] S. Civanlar, J. J. Grainger, H. Yin, and S. S. H. Lee, “Distribution feeder reconfiguration for loss reduction,” IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, 3(3), pp.1217-1223, Jul. 1988.
[26] M. E. Baran, and F. F. Wu, “Network reconfiguration in distribution systems for loss reduction and load balancing,” IEEE Transactions on Power delivery, 4(2), pp.1401-1407, Apr. 1989.
Published
2020-03-01
How to Cite
Rahmani, R., Sadeghi, S. H., & Hosseini, S. A. (2020). An Adaptive Protection Scheme for Distribution Networks with Distributed Generation Sources in Various Operational Modes. Majlesi Journal of Electrical Engineering, 14(1), 107-118. Retrieved from http://www.mjee.org/index/index.php/ee/article/view/3339
Section
Articles